Organic food production is becoming more and more prominent in southeast Saskatchewan. There are at least 30 organic producers in the region, along with many organic growers. There are also five certified organic processors, offering a range products and services. Some of these include commercial seed cleaning, production of food ingredients, providing consumer ready products like soup mixes and spices, and cleaning and bagging most organic grains, pulses, sprouting seeds, cereals and oilseeds.
Saskatchewan continues to be a leader in cereal crop production across the country supplying five per cent of the world's total exported wheat. It is Canada's most important grain-producing region. Southeast Saskatchewan lies within Canada’s most important grain-producing region. In 2006, six million hectares of all classes of wheat were produced in Saskatchewan. Interestingly, 6% of this wheat was produced in south east Saskatchewan.
Types of cereal crops include; Wheat - hard red, spring, and winter wheat, Durum wheat, Oats, Barley and Rye - fall and spring varieties.
- Two forage processing industries: alfalfa pellets and cubes, and hay compaction, contribute to sustaining a dynamic forage sector in Canada. These industries are highly export oriented. Three alfalfa pelleting/cubing plants and one hay densification plant are active in the province. Major export markets for products like pre-mixed feeds, dehydrated alfalfa, and compacted long fibre hay include Japan, South Korea and the United States.
The feed and forage industry in Saskatchewan includes; Feed grains, Alfalfa, Pasture, Long fibre and hay bales.
- Saskatchewan has been very successful in developing oilseed production. Canola, a crop that did not exist 30 years ago, is now the second largest crop grown in the province. In addition, Saskatchewan continues to be Canada's leading producer of flax (70 per cent) and mustard (87 per cent).
Oilseed crops include; Canola, Flaxseed
, Mustard, sunflower and safflower.
- With over 4.6 million acres of peas, lentils and chickpeas, Saskatchewan is Canada's leading producer of pulses. Pulse production has grown rapidly in Saskatchewan and represents approximately 14 per cent of total seeded area. Pulse crop production has grown rapidly in Saskatchewan, and the same is true of the southeast area. In less than 30 years, Saskatchewan has gone from producing few pulse crops to becoming a major world exporter. This region produces about 12% of Saskatchewan’s total lentil production.
- Specialty crops provide numerous diversification options for Saskatchewan producers. The province has become a dominant producer and exporter of some specialty crops, like canary seed. Herb and spice crops are becoming more popular, and Saskatchewan is currently one of the largest producers of coriander and caraway in the country. In addition, Saskatchewan produces more pounds of wild rice than any other province in Canada.
Speciality crops include: Irrigation-grown vegetables, Native berries, Wild rice, Honey, Canary seed, Triticale, Herbs and spices, Flowers, Fruits, vegetables, bedding plants, Christmas trees and Hemp.
- NorAmera Bio Energy Corporation is located near Weyburn, is one of only four such ethanol plants in Saskatchewan. The growing ethanol industry in Saskatchewan is beneficial and perfectly suited industry for the southeast region for a number of reasons:
- The main by-product, distiller`s grain, either dry or wet, is a top-quality livestock feed that benefits the cattle industry.
- Ethanol plants like the one in Weyburn, gives farmers more opportunity to sell their grain, even low-grade or damaged crops.
- Ethanol plants also create more jobs for Saskatchewan workers. The NorAmera plant alone employees a staff of 25.
- The southeast area of Saskatchewan is located in a prime place to export renewable fuels to sizeable markets in Canada and the United States.
Average gross farm receipts:
Average total farm capital:
Total Number of Farms:
Average Size of Farms:
Saskatchewan: 1,283 acres
Southeast: 1,541 acres